India, Relations with
- Upon gaining its independence from Great Britain in 1947, India became the largest member of the Non-Aligned Movement. However, American overtures to its enemy Pakistan during the early years of the Cold War drove the country into a strategic relationship with the Soviet Union. In 1971, the two countries signed the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation, paving the way for a fraternal social, economic, and diplomatic partnership that continued for two decades. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, India strove to improve its relations with the West, including the United States; however, its possession of nuclear weapons and status as a nonsignatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty hampered its relations with Washington during the administrations of George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton. Due to these complications, Russia remained a key partner in developing India’s nuclear energy program and an important supplier of the country’s military technology (although India has expanded its diplomatic contacts, adding Israel to its list of arms suppliers). During the latter years of Boris Yeltsin’s presidency, Yevgeny Primakov attempted to create a Russia-China-India counterweight to American hegemony, but the simmering Sino-Indian rivalry and disputes over Kashmir prevented the realization of any such plans.Vladimir Putin made several visits to India during his presidency, typically focusing on practical matters such as foreign trade, energy, counterterrorism, scientific and space program cooperation, and improving trans-Eurasian transportation links; reflecting his focus on commercial ties, he often traveled with high-level business delegations. On his first visit in 2000, he signed the Declaration on Strategic Partnership between India and the Russian Federation, reworking the long-standing bilateral relationship for the 21st century. Trade between the two countries is robust, amounting to $3 billion in 2007 and projected to triple by 2010. As a provider of energy, Moscow also features prominently in New Delhi’s long-term economic growth; Indian companies have made important investments in Siberian oil exploration in recent years.While Indian-American relations only improved in the wake of September 11, with George W. Bush pushing for a normalization of ties with India despite controversy over nuclear proliferation issues, Russo-Indian ties remained strong and diversified. In 2003, the two navies conducted joint exercises in the Indian Ocean. India, a country with its own secessionist and democratization issues, has never leveled criticism against Russian actions in Chechnya or Moscow’s spotty record on human rights and freedom of the press. Reciprocally, Moscow—unlike Washington—is not constrained by the demands of maintaining a cordial relationship with Pakistan. In 2008, Dmitry Medvyedev met with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the first Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) summit in Hokkaido, Japan, and made plans for a visit to India later that year.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
India, Relations with — Independence leader Aung San and Prime Minister U Nu were close to India s prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, sharing the common experience of struggle against British colonial rule. Nehru s and U Nu s governments also shared a commitment to… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Bangladesh, Relations with — Bangladesh became independent of Pakistan in December 1971. Arakan (Rakhine) and Chin States form Burma s border with that country. In 1978 approximately 200,000 (some sources say 300,000) Muslims from Arakan, known as Rohingyas, fled across… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Turkey, Relations with — Russo Turkish relations were forged on mutual hostility and civilizational confrontation. From the 16th century onward, the Ottoman and Romanov empires engaged in no less than a dozen wars, including World War I (1914–1918), which ultimately… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Côte d'Ivoire–India relations — India Côte d Ivoire relations India … Wikipedia
Burma–India relations — Bilateral relations between Burma (officially the Union of Myanmar) and the Republic of India have improved considerably since 1993, overcoming strains over drug trafficking, the suppression of democracy and the rule of the military junta in… … Wikipedia
France–India relations — Bilateral relations between the Republic of India and the French Republic were established in 1947 and both nations have since established close co operation in defence and commerce.HistoryFrance was one of the major European nations apart from… … Wikipedia
Afghanistan–India relations — Bilateral relations between the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan have been traditionally strong and friendly. While India was the only South Asian country to recognise the Soviet backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan… … Wikipedia
Colombia–India relations — Indo Colombian relations Colombia … Wikipedia
Chile–India relations — Chile … Wikipedia
Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China — Main article: Foreign relations of the People s Republic of China Since its founding in 1949, the People s Republic of China (PRC) has had a diplomatic tug of war with its rival in Taiwan, the Republic of China (ROC). Throughout the Cold War,… … Wikipedia